To produce the best organic chicken fertilizer from your chicken manure is quite a complex process that has been simplified today, thanks to advanced technology which has hastened and eased it. The process begins with material selection, then composting, crushing and mixing, screening, granularization, drying and cooling, then finally packaging, in that particular order. The details of each step are as follows:
Selection of raw material
Whereas as the word suggests, we’re going for chicken waste, some people opt to throw in some more organic manure like biogas residue, crumpled leaves and so on. This first step involves the collection of all the raw materials and piling them up.
This involves the fermentation of the organic matter into nutrients that are safe to use on plants. It is done by oxygen-consuming bacteria and fungi in the presence of oxygen. This means regular turning is a necessity. It is also crucial to adjust the moisture 50-60 percent, which is attainable by adding wood shavings or sawdust. This addition also helps stabilize the high nitrogen content of chicken manure. The process is easily carried out using a compost turner.
Crushing and mixing.
Crushing is done to produce a uniform fine powder of the resultant compost, now called fertilizer. It is usually done by a vertical mixer to avoid caking. The mixing is done to ensure a homogenous mix and may include the addition of elements to ensure nutrient levels reach a certain threshold.
A rotary screening machine is used to ensure that all caked pieces are broken down as well as sieve out any impurities present. It is done by a cylinder round sifter though there can be two screening machines to further refine the finished product.
The powder is then processed by a machine to form grains or granules. In some cases, a pelletizer is used to turn the organic matter into pellets instead. Any pieces that fail to be properly granulated are usually pre-crushed and re-granulated as well.
Drying and cooling
Drying removes moisture thus increasing the durability of the granules, by avoiding any bacterial attack. The cooling makes the product ready for the final step, which is the packaging.
This final step encloses the granules into bags that can then be stored or distributed to the various retail shops for sale. It is done using automatic packing machines which eliminate the need for sewing machines and so on. finished product packing is also done using packing scales, sack closers, stock bins and so on.
One would ask why fertilizer is the ultimate choice as compared to manure. Simply put, it is durable and of a higher quality. When fertilizer whether organic or inorganic is put in soil, it leads to the activation of inorganic nutrients in the soil which boost plant growth. Granularization and powdering make the fertilizer easy to transport and measure. When looking to commercialize this chicken manure fertilizer, be sure to consider market capacity, availability of raw materials and of course capital. This will guide on knowing the scale of production to adopt.