Category: compost fertilizer production
To produce the best organic chicken fertilizer from your chicken manure is quite a complex process that has been simplified today, thanks to advanced technology which has hastened and eased it. The process begins with material selection, then composting, crushing and mixing, screening, granularization, drying and cooling, then finally packaging, in that particular order. The details of each step are as follows:
Selection of raw material
Whereas as the word suggests, we’re going for chicken waste, some people opt to throw in some more organic manure like biogas residue, crumpled leaves and so on. This first step involves the collection of all the raw materials and piling them up.
This involves the fermentation of the organic matter into nutrients that are safe to use on plants. It is done by oxygen-consuming bacteria and fungi in the presence of oxygen. This means regular turning is a necessity. It is also crucial to adjust the moisture 50-60 percent, which is attainable by adding wood shavings or sawdust. This addition also helps stabilize the high nitrogen content of chicken manure. The process is easily carried out using a compost turner.
Crushing and mixing.
Crushing is done to produce a uniform fine powder of the resultant compost, now called fertilizer. It is usually done by a vertical mixer to avoid caking. The mixing is done to ensure a homogenous mix and may include the addition of elements to ensure nutrient levels reach a certain threshold.
A rotary screening machine is used to ensure that all caked pieces are broken down as well as sieve out any impurities present. It is done by a cylinder round sifter though there can be two screening machines to further refine the finished product.
The powder is then processed by a machine to form grains or granules. In some cases, a pelletizer is used to turn the organic matter into pellets instead. Any pieces that fail to be properly granulated are usually pre-crushed and re-granulated as well.
Drying and cooling
Drying removes moisture thus increasing the durability of the granules, by avoiding any bacterial attack. The cooling makes the product ready for the final step, which is the packaging.
This final step encloses the granules into bags that can then be stored or distributed to the various retail shops for sale. It is done using automatic packing machines which eliminate the need for sewing machines and so on. finished product packing is also done using packing scales, sack closers, stock bins and so on.
One would ask why fertilizer is the ultimate choice as compared to manure. Simply put, it is durable and of a higher quality. When fertilizer whether organic or inorganic is put in soil, it leads to the activation of inorganic nutrients in the soil which boost plant growth. Granularization and powdering make the fertilizer easy to transport and measure. When looking to commercialize this chicken manure fertilizer, be sure to consider market capacity, availability of raw materials and of course capital. This will guide on knowing the scale of production to adopt.
Chicken manure consists of macronutrients nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorous, as well as sulfur, magnesium, and calcium, which are vital for plant growth. However, chicken manure also contains high concentrations of bacteria during its raw form, such as the pathogenic salmonella. That implies that you should avoid applying raw chicken litter to your edible garden. Your growing produce might come into contact with the present bacteria, which can either move within the plant’s cells or stick to the surface.
What’s more, your plants might very well die because of excessive available salts and nitrogen, if you use raw, non-composted chicken manure on your plants. The most suitable way you could dispose of the litter is to first compost it before using it correctly and safely. But how do you do it? You can make chicken fertilizer by composting chicken manure
– Gather Materials
Consider bedding material, such as wood shavings and rice hulls, and keep it in a composting bin. You’ll be looking for around 25% manure and 75% other materials, which could include the earlier-mentioned bedding material, kitchen scraps or plant material, lawn clippings and leaves. You should also have a minimum of 1 cubic foot of material to enable the composting procedure to heat the build-up to an internal temperature of approximately 140 to 160 degrees F, which will destroy the pathogenic bacteria. More information: https://fertilizerplantdesigner.com/chicken-poop-compost/
– Add Water
You’ll be aiming to add enough water such that the pile-up would correspond the texture of a wet sponge. Then, leave it.
– Monitor the Temperature
Using a composting thermometer, that you can buy at a home improvement store or online, monitor the temperature daily, and keep a detailed temperature log that you can refer to. Your aim should be achieving a temperature ranging 140 to 160 degrees F and maintain that specific temperature for approximately three days. Keep in mind that the temperature is the key to killing the salmonella, as well as common bacterial pathogens available in chicken litter. If you fail to obtain that temperature, there will be an increase in the likelihood of pathogen survival for a long period.
As the inside part of your pile is treated, the external isn’t. You should, therefore, repeat the entire process a minimum of two more times to ensure all pile parts have been treated.
For a minimum of 80 days, put the compost you have in a covered pile. The waiting period assists in making sure that the pathogenic bacteria have been destroyed.
In general, make sure to apply compost as close as you can to planting time and apply it 1/2 inch deep to your particular lawn or around 1 and 2 inches deep to your crops. In case you need your compost thoroughly analyzed for macronutrients, including potassium, phosphorous and nitrogen, and salmonella and E.coli levels, you could collect a sample and give it to a private diagnostic lab.
Producing Compost is an ideal and safe fertilizer for any home garden; when processed correctly. Apart from offering nutrients to your plants, the chicken litter provides organic matter to the soil, enhances the water holding capacity, as well as the useful bacteria available in the soil. However, processing it correctly is paramount.