How to compost poultry manure

Composting poultry manure is a valuable and sustainable practice that can turn a potential waste problem into a resource. Poultry farming, whether for meat or eggs, generates significant quantities of manure, rich in nutrients like nitrogen and phosphorus. If not managed properly, this manure can pose environmental risks due to nutrient runoff and odors. Composting provides an eco-friendly solution that transforms poultry manure into a valuable soil conditioner and organic fertilizer. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll walk you through the steps on how to compost poultry manure, from collecting the waste to applying the finished compost to your garden or farm.

1. Collecting Poultry Manure

Start by gathering the poultry manure from your coop or housing area. Use a manure fork or shovel to scoop the manure, and be sure to include bedding material if any is present. Collect manure regularly to prevent the buildup of excessive waste, which can lead to sanitation issues.

2. Choose the Right Location

Select a suitable location for your composting operation. This area should be well-drained, preferably on a slight slope to prevent waterlogging. Adequate sunlight and ventilation are also essential for the composting process to work efficiently.

3. Build or Acquire a Compost Bin

To contain the composting materials, consider constructing a compost bin or purchasing a ready-made one. A bin will help in controlling the composting environment, optimizing temperature, and keeping pests away. Make sure the bin has good airflow and drainage, as these are crucial factors in the composting process.

4. Balance the C:N Ratio

Poultry manure is rich in nitrogen, which makes it a “green” or high-nitrogen material in composting terms. To achieve the optimal carbon-to-nitrogen (C:N) ratio, you should mix the poultry manure with “brown” materials like straw, leaves, or sawdust. Aim for a C:N ratio of around 30:1 for efficient decomposition.

5. Layering and Mixing

Begin your compost pile by layering the poultry manure with brown materials. Regularly turn and mix the pile to ensure even decomposition and aeration. The frequent turning will also help maintain the right moisture level, which should be around 40-60%.

6. Monitor Temperature

The composting process generates heat as microorganisms break down the organic matter. It’s important to monitor the temperature of the compost pile. Temperatures of 130-160°F (54-71°C) indicate successful composting and the elimination of harmful pathogens. If the temperature is too high or too low, adjust the pile’s size or composition accordingly.

7. Aeration and Moisture Management

Maintaining good aeration and moisture levels is crucial throughout the composting process. Proper aeration can be achieved through turning, while moisture can be adjusted by adding water or more dry materials as needed. A well-aerated and adequately moist pile will prevent odors and promote efficient decomposition. If you want to compost in a friendly way, in-vessel compost turner machien is the best choice for you.

8. Waiting for Maturation

Composting poultry manure typically takes several months to a year to reach maturity. During this time, microorganisms will break down the organic matter, and the pile will undergo a transformation from waste to valuable compost. When the compost is dark, crumbly, and has an earthy smell, it’s ready for use.

9. Using Compost

Once your poultry manure compost is ready, you can use it as a soil conditioner and fertilizer. Apply it to your garden, fields, or potted plants to improve soil structure and provide essential nutrients to your crops. Compost also enhances water retention and drainage, reducing the need for synthetic fertilizers and promoting sustainable agriculture. Windrow composter machine or groove type composter equipment can help you.

10. Safety and Precautions

When composting poultry manure, it’s essential to prioritize safety and hygiene. Always wash your hands after handling manure and wear appropriate protective gear, such as gloves and a mask, to avoid inhaling dust or pathogens.


Composting poultry manure is an eco-friendly way to manage the waste generated by poultry farming while simultaneously benefiting your soil and crops. By following these steps and maintaining a balanced compost pile, you can turn poultry manure into a valuable resource, reducing environmental impacts and promoting sustainable agriculture. Start composting your poultry manure today and reap the rewards of healthier soils and increased crop productivity. If you are interested in it, SX can also provide you with cattle manure compost and chicken poop composting.

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